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Bobwhite Quail Hunting
The Bobwhite Quail is native to North America, northern Central America and the Caribbean. The name Bobwhite comes from the Bobwhite Quail distinctive whistling call of either bob-White or bob-bob-White. This call comes mostly from males in both the spring and summer. Bobwhite quail are distinguished by the dark cap stripe that is located behind their eye and along their head. This stripe is black in males and brown in females. Their body is brown with black or white speckles and their average weight is between five and six ounces.
Bobwhite Qauil are the most populous type of quail and have a close relation to the California Quail and Scaled Quail, which are found in the eastern part of the United States and Mexico. Quail are extremely versatile birds and can survive in a multitude of climates and eat ove
r 600 different kinds of food, which mostly consist of seeds, weeds, grains and berries. Although Bobwhite Quail are very adaptable, starvation or freezing to death may occur when there is too much snow.
Bobwhite Quail have an eating pattern consistent with other upland birds, eating in the morning, gathering gravel and loafing in a secluded area in the afternoon and eating again later on in the day. Bobwhite Quail tend to rise late in the day, waiting until midmorning to feed.
Living often in wooded areas, Bobwhite Quail can normally be found near water supplies or freshly harvested fields. Typically Bobwhite Quail roost in conveys of 10-20 birds sitting tail to tail in a circle so they easily spot predators and conserve heat. Bobwhite Quail are monogamous creatures and the male takes responsibility in constructing the nest for the female.
Bobwhite Quail tend to freeze when they see danger and fly erratically once flushed, just like the mourning dove and woodcock. They don't fly far, usually only a couple hundred yards, making it possible to flush them multiple times.
When hunting bobwhite Quail most upland hunters prefer to use a 20-gauge shotgun with size 8 field loads. Pointing dogs are necessary when quail hunting because they allow the hunter to get into range for a shot before the birds flush. Once they do flush, it's a scattered, hectic mess in the sky, so it's best to isolate one or two birds to take a shot rather than shooting at the flock. (Also look out for stragglers who hold tight until the initial excitement is finished and then flush).
Another good technique to use for all quail is the walk and wait one - walk a couple feet to a suspicious-looking clump of cover and then wait for a half a minute before moving on again. If there are birds in the cover, your waiting will make them nervous and probably cause them to flush.