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Chukars are found mostly in the western portion of the United States and are closely related to the gray partridge. Chukars can be distinguished by their light brown back, grey breast and very buff belly. Chukars have a white face with a black gorget and have rufous-streaked flanks and red legs.
Chukars typical diet includes seeds and grasses as well as insects and small grains. Throughout their daily routine, Chukars move a lot, which is very different from the Hungarian. Chukars usually move around a mile a day and up to 40 miles per year. Chukars enjoy heating themselves on rocks in the morning sun and near water sources later in the day.
Chukars are monogamous and males will make a shrill call and circle females to entice them to breed during mating season. Chukars are best suited in high, dry and rocky terrain because their nests are usually shallow depressions lined with feathers and grass.
In each covey, with populations of 20 to 30 birds, one Chukar stands guard and watches for predators. Chukars use both sight and hearing to detect predators. Chukars should always be hunted from the top of rocks because they always flush downhill. Even though Chukars usually run uphill when alarmed, being above them will force them to flush.
Hunting Chukars is usually done in lots of open terrain, which often requires long distance shooting. Hunters find a 16-20 gauge shotgun with a full or modified choke and 6 or 7 1/2 shot works best.